SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
Generalleutnant Ralph Graf von Oriola
PW NO: 18898
CAPTURED: 31st March 1945
DATE OF BIRTH: 9 August 1895
PLACE OF BIRTH: Herischdorf
DATE OF DEATH: 28 April 1970
PLACE OF DEATH: Nürnberg
OCCUPATION: Regular Soldier
COLOUR: Dark Brown
NEXT OF KIN: Graf
Oriola, Hannover, (British Zone)
5 March 1914
2 November 1914 (Patent 19 February 1913)
20 June 1918
1 July 1927
1 August 1937
1 June 1940
1 May 1943
1 November 1943
& Assignments (included):
March 1914: Entered the Army as a Fahnenjunker in the Feld-Artillerie-Regiment
von Puecker (1. Schlesisches) Nr.6.
October 1934: Commander of the III. Battalion of Artillery Regiment 18 of
the 18th Infantry Division.
- 1 September
1939: Commander of Artillery Regiment 252 of the 252nd Infantry Division.
[Commanded by Generalleutnant z.V. Diether von Boehm-Bezing, the division
served as a component of the XXIV Army Corps of Generaloberst Erwin von Witzleben’s
1st Army facing the French Maginot Line in Lorraine. Manning the West Wall
fortifications (“Siegfried Line”), the 1st Army remained on the defensive
during the first phase of the German invasion of the Low Countries and France.
On 14 June 1940, the 1st Army finally went over to the offensive in Operation
“Tiger” and, after penetrating the Maginot Line in several locations, advanced
into the Vosges. Operating in conjunction with the adjacent 7th Army (General
der Artillerie Friedrich Dollmann) and Panzer Group Guderian (General der
Panzertruppe Heinz Guderian) sweeping down from the northeast, the 1st Army
helped encircle over 400,000 troops of the French 2nd Army Group in Alsace-Lorraine.
After transferring to Poland, the 252nd Infantry Division took part invasion
of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941 under Army Group Center. After seeing
action at Bialystok and Vyasma, the 252nd Infantry Division advanced on Moscow
before being pushed back to Gzhatsk by the Russian counteroffensive that began
in December 1941.]
February 1942: Artillery Commander (Arko) 7 of the XVII Army Corps on the
February 1943-3 May 1943: Commander of the 72nd Infantry Division on the Eastern
May 1943-15 January 1944; 13 March 1944-28 June 1944: Commander of the 299th
Infantry Division on the Eastern Front. [After
assuming command from Generalleutnant Hans Bergen,
Graf von Oriola led the 299th Infantry Division in combat at Bryansk, Gomel
and Kursk in central Russia. On 22 June 1944, the
Russians launched Operation “Bagration,” a massive offensive along a 300-mile
front that tore deep into Army Group Center with the intent of liberating
Belorussia and driving to the Vistula River and the Prussian border. Serving
under Generaloberst Georg-Hans Reinhardt’s 3rd Panzer Army, the 299th Infantry
Division was destroyed southeast
of the Vitebsk salient. Of the 3rd Panzer Army’s three corps and 10 divisional
commanders, Graf von Oriola was one of only three who were not killed, captured
or reported missing in action during the Russian offensive.]
February 1945-March 1945: Delegated with the leadership of the XIII Army Corps
on the Western Front. [After briefly leading the corps in action on Germany’s
western frontier, Graf von Oriola relinquished command to Generalleutnant Max Hermann Bork. Available documentation suggests
he remained unemployed for the rest of the war.]
March 45 -17 May 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 27 April 1945 transferred to Trent Park Camp 11 sorting camp.
- 23 July 1946 transferred
to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp 300
- 12 May 1948 transferred
to Camp 186 for repatriation.
Cross of the Iron Cross: 23 December 1943, Generalleutnant, Commander
of the 299th Infantry Division.
Cross in Gold: 22 November 1941, Oberst, Commander of Artillery Regiment 252.
Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
for the Winter Campaign in Russia 1941/1942 (“East Medal”)
Cross for Merit in War
of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918
Forces Long Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
Badge in Black – World War I award
Paul. Hitler’s Greatest Defeat: The Collapse of Army Group Center, June 1944.
Arms and Armour Press, London, United Kingdom, 1994.
Wolf. Die Generale des Heeres. Podzun-Pallas Verlag, Friedberg, Germany,
Telford. The March of Conquest: The German Victories in Western Europe, 1940.
Simon and Schuster, Inc., New York, New York, 1958.
 From 15 January 1944-13 March 1944, Generalleutnant
Paul Reichelt commanded the 299th Infantry Division. Graf von Oriola’s
duty status during this period remains unclear.